2018 Tesla Model S: The Vital Statistics
Electric cars have now become an efficient viable mode of transport and are produced by most renowned manufacturers. Popular examples include the Nissan Leaf, Jaguar I-Pace and the Tesla Model S, and just like the normal petrol/diesel engines there are an increasing variety and range to choose from.
Which of the electric vehicle is best to choose ?
The criteria to adopt when selecting a car, access to charging points when charging your battery from home/work, shapes, sizes, power range or for long journeys choosing a hybrid (mix of battery with petrol/diesel). Some common sense and knowledge is required to ensure the appropriate type of automobile is purchased for the specific circumstances in a particular location or lifestyle.
The Model S supercharger network makes it more viable than previous editions and promotes the benefits of an electric car over fossil-fuelled alternatives. It has an excellent supercare-like acceleration with relatively low running costs and an electric luxury saloon, but regenerative brakes is a fallback.
The electric cars have gone through a remarkable technological advancement which has led to the growth of powerful, desirable engines, features and the Model S is one such high premium, rapid, comfortable electric saloon car. The latest version, the P100D, has further enhanced these features from the popular Model S to create a £129,400, four-wheel drive, luxurious automobile with a 0-60mph time of 2.5sec, the fastest accelerating car ever.
A typical Model S with the 75-kWh battery costs over £70,000, whilst the performance-biased P100D can pass $150,000. Compared to the established luxury brands, the Tesla’s interior fit, rear seat, access and finish is not as good as that of the Audi, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz.
The Tesla’s Autopilot system, is not yet fully efficient, allows the car to follow the road and adjust speed on its own. It’s not designed to react to all unexpected situations, making it essential for drivers to remain attentive and focussed.
Whilst the Model S has been very successful, outselling most luxury car competitors, but it still has no long-term track record for reliability, and the service network is still evolving.
The 2018 Tesla Model S is highly rated and still delivers unequalled battery-electric performance, but after seven years of a remarkable history its style and safety are beginning to show their age. The all-electric Model S remains the fastest plug-in car in volume production, but these qualities come at a cost. Tesla’s Model S comes in three versions, all now with all-wheel drive: the “75D” has a 75-kilowatt-hour battery pack, the “100D” has a 100-kwh pack, and the top-of-the-line “P100D” also has a 100-kwh pack but more powerful motors.
The Tesla Model S receives high marks for design, performance, safety, and energy efficiency, but fewer points for comfort and features than previous models. Tesla remains the sole electric-car maker whose cars have access to highway fast-charging and permits the car to add up to 200 miles of range in 30 or 40 minutes. All other 2018 electric cars that claim ‘fast charging’ operate only at 50 kilowatts, against the Tesla’s 125- to 135-kw maximum. That makes cross-country trips in Teslas uneventful, if still slightly slower than powering straight through on gasoline.
The Tesla Model S represents a remarkable achievement from a start-up California company few in the industry took seriously until they drove its first all-electric cars in 2012 and now have more than 150,000 cars on the world’s roads, which allows you to drive entirely free of tailpipe emissions.
The Model S merges its fantastic performance with an effortless driving experience making it an astoundingly effective machine for acceleration and distance coverage. The car has an optimum range from 250 to 300 plus miles (depending on which model you choose) and an expanding network of supercharger points that allow the Model S to top up its battery in a remarkably short space of time, being one of the most usable electric cars on the market. The model S is a remarkable car full of exciting features and options.
The Tesla Model S has rewritten the rulebook for cars, it is a full electric design with a remarkable automobile that combines performance, agility, styling, high-tech, no emissions and low operating costs. The Tesla Model S is a full electric four-door luxury car seats five, or seven with the optional rear-facing jump seats. Its standard 75-kWh battery, we found that the Model S could cover 235 miles on a single charge. The car can be charged in about 6 hours on a dedicated Tesla connector.
Performance is exceptional, with quiet and thrilling acceleration, pinpoint handling, and a firm yet comfortable ride, particularly with the standard 19-inch tyres and air suspension. The hatchback design aids versatility, with a front trunk an additional feature.
A huge iPad-like centre touch screen interfaces with most functions but can be distracting. Other limitations include restricted visibility and range limitations, especially in cold weather. All-wheel drive is now standard, and active safety features are available. Tesla makes it easy to switch to this electric car from a more traditional one with its usable range and the ability to charge quickly and regularly. The 75D was able to cruise for 235 miles with a charge time of about seven hours on a Tesla wall connector, or 12 hours on a generic 240-volt connector.
Public Superchargers are also available, depending on the battery charge level, can add 60 miles of range in 30 minutes or so. The cost to charge the battery is about $10 (calculated using the national average electricity cost of 12 cents per kWh).
The Model S drives comfortably, bends corners with precision and accelerates like a catapult. It’s a practical car with two trunks, hatchback versatility and an optional third-row seat. All-wheel-drive is an option and its inclusion is denoted by the letter D, which stands for Dual-Motor. A huge 17-inch video display dominates the centre of the dash and allows you to control everything from the suspension’s ride height to the internet radio. And as you step onto the throttle, you experience a silent, potent surge of power greater than many sports cars. Tesla’s impressive features include its range, relatively lengthy charge times, and reduced cold-weather range are still limitations. For longer journeys, you will have to plan when and where to charge and how to spend your time during those sessions.
New car features include the added traffic-based navigation, location-based air suspension adjustments, calendar syncing and added capabilities to the Autopilot suite of advanced convenience features. The Model S has an improved luxury design styling, with an above average exterior and interior. The Model S is actually a five-door hatchback, with a large rear tailgate that lifts high enough to let owner loads boxes, bicycles, and an unexpected quantity of goods. Inside, muted colours trim an unadorned space whose focal point is the huge 17-inch touchscreen that stands proud of the centre of the dash. Soft-touch surfaces abound and leather seats are available, but few interior controls—knobs, dials, and levers—mar the elegant simplicity.
Drivers and passengers have to get used to operating most of the car’s ancillary functions via swiping, sliders, and icons on the touchscreen, including such basics as audio, navigation, and cabin heating and cooling. The screens remain clear and crisp, with bright, colourful, high-resolution graphics. The 2018 Tesla Model S offers remarkable acceleration, excellent road holding, and a smooth and quiet ride, powered as needed by the remarkable Supercharger network.
With the sole remaining rear-wheel-drive version out of the line-up for 2018, the Tesla Model S range offers two battery capacities—75 or 100 kilowatt-hours—and standard or “P” performance versions, all with the “D” suffix that indicates all-wheel drive. The standard 75D and 100D versions of the Model S are powered by a pair of 193-kilowatt (259-horsepower) motors, one per axle. The higher-performance P100D swaps in a more powerful 375-kw (503-hp) rear motor, keeping the same front motor, along with some upgrades to its power electronics and various electronic control systems. Acceleration is swift, smooth, and quiet in all models, but the top P100D offers ‘Insane’ or ‘Ludicrous’ modes that will rocket the 5,000 -pound car from 0 to 60 mph in less than 3 seconds if the battery is fully charged.
Despite its all-aluminium construction, the Tesla is a heavy car, but its battery weight is as low in the chassis as it can be. The 2018 Tesla Model S remains a comfortable way for four adults to travel, with excellent seats and a smooth, quiet ride, with comfortable front seats and its superior cargo capacity.
The Model S is actually a five-door hatchback with 26.3 cubic feet of storage behind the rear seat. With the 60/40 folding rear seat back down, cargo capacity rises to 58.1 cubic feet, plus there’s another 5.3 cubic feet in the small compartment up front under the ‘hood.’
The dashboard is dominated by the 17-inch touchscreen in the centre, which controls most cabin and vehicle functions. The screen is bright and crisp, the icons are large and crisp, and response is fast, meaning once drivers learn how to use the screen, the time spent looking away from the road is lessened. On the road, the Model S remains calm, smooth, and quiet. Soundproof features are enabled through aerodynamic electronic filters and insulation of the cabin, and underlines the quiet appeal of battery-electric power.
The 2018 Tesla Model S earns good crash-safety ratings; its Autopilot system now requires drivers to pay far more attention than it used to. A rearview camera is standard on the Model S, as are eight airbags. Its active-safety features include automatic emergency braking, active lane control, blind-spot monitors, and limited ability to drive itself in some circumstances on well-marked roads for miles at a time via the optional ‘Autopilot’ system. The 2018 Tesla Model S doesn’t drip with luxury features, but it offers some unique items (and the promise of self-driving on, theoretically).
Tesla claims it will offer something called ‘Full Self-Driving Capability’ for a further £2,000, a function to be rolled out at some unspecified time in the future, “dependent on extensive software validation and regulatory approval, which may vary by jurisdiction.” If you decide you want it switched on after you bought the car, it’ll be £3,000.
Other options on various models include leather upholstery and a power-operated shade inside the rear hatch. Wheel designs include the standard 19-inch “Aero” wheels—which give the lowest drag, and hence the highest range—and both 19- and 21-inch “Cyclone” turbine-like designs. The 75D model comes only with the 48-amp onboard charger, while the 100D and P100D versions have the High Amperage Charger, rated at 72 amps, as standard. Supercharging fast-charging capability is standard, but Tesla no longer offers free unlimited use of the nationwide Supercharging network to new buyers, though some exceptions exist.
The Model S uses a unique Tesla connector rather than the standard J-1772 fitting found on all other electric cars and all 240-volt public charging stations. It comes with an adapter cable to let Teslas to use those stations. The Supercharger network, operating at 120 kilowatts and sometimes higher, will recharge a Model S battery to 80 percent of capacity in 20 to 40 minutes.
Each Model S comes with a 4-year, 50,000-mile limited vehicle warranty. The battery pack and drive unit carry an 8-year/unlimited miles warranty. The 2018 Tesla Model S is one of the longest-range electric cars on the market, and it’s energy-efficient for such a large vehicle as well. With only three basic power train versions, the line-up of 2018 Tesla Model S versions is much simpler than it has been in past years.
Like most electric cars, Teslas cost one-third to one-fifth as much per mile to run as comparable models powered by gasoline engines. The costs vary widely, because U.S. electricity prices vary by almost a factor of 10, but the money saved is a nice extra even if the car starts around £75,000.
The Tesla Supercharger network of fast-charging sites along highways and heavily travelled roads may be the car’s killer app. Road trips can be made in segments of roughly 200 miles, interspersed with charging stops that recharge the battery to about 80 percent of capacity (or 200 miles) in 20 to 40 minutes. The car’s navigation system will calculate not only where drivers should stop, but how long they should charge to minimise wasted time. Tesla laid out the template for a pervasive, effective, hassle-free fast-charging network five years ago, and no other maker has yet duplicated it.